GHB is an illegal drug that is classed as a depressant – meaning it slows down messages between the body and the brain. It is a colourless, odourless, bitter or salty liquid that is sold in vials.
”GHB was developed in the early 60s as a human anaesthetic. The use was discontinued due to unwanted side effects. Since then it has been used as a sleep aid and bodybuilding supplement in the 80s and as a recreational psychoactive in the 90s led to it being scheduled in the U.S. in March of 2000.”
GHB’s effects are related to dose. Users can develop tolerance to the drug, which requires them to increase the dose they use to obtain the same effects. Effects range from mild relaxation to coma or death. GHB is often used as a date rape because it is tasteless, colourless and acts as a powerful sedative. GBH is an acronym for ”grievous bodily harm.”
GHB is generally swallowed, although a small number of people inject it. It can be very hard to judge the amount taken, as the quality and strength of drugs can vary greatly from one batch to another.
Using GHB carries a high risk of overdose due to the small difference between the amount required to produce a ‘high’ and that which causes overdose.
Please note: Combining GHB with other drugs, carries a huge risk namely:
- You greatly increase your risk of overdose if you take GHB with alcohol or benzodiazepines.
- GHB combined with amphetamines or ecstasy puts an enormous strain on the body and may result in seizures.
Low to moderate doses
- feelings of euphoria
- increased sex drive
- lowered inhibitions
- memory lapses
- low body temperature
- slow heart rate
- low blood pressure
- muscle tremors
- urinary incontinence.
A high dose of GHB can cause a person to overdose. This means that a person has taken more GHB than their body can cope with. The effects can include:
- loss of coordination
- irregular or shallow breathing
- confusion, irritation and agitation
- blackouts and memory lapses
- unconsciousness (where people can’t be roused) that can last for 3–4 hours
- respiratory arrest (stopping breathing) and death.