Ketamine / Special K
Street name: Ketamine, K, Cat Tranquilizer, Cat Valium, Jet, Jet K, Kit Kat, Purple, Special K
Ketamine is quickly becoming the most prominent hallucinogenic club drug in the 21st century.
Ketamine is a dissociative aneasthetic developed in 1963 to replace PCP and currently used in human aneasthesia and veterinary medicine. A dissociative anesthetic is a form of general anesthesia, but not necessarily complete unconsciousness, characterized by catalepsy, catatonia, and amnesia.
Marketed since the 1970’s for use as an anesthetic for humans and animals, Ketamine has since become popular for recreational use. Most Ketamine use occurs at raves and in clubs. Many people that are using the drug obtain it through friends and acquaintances and rarely do street sales.
Please note: Ketamine is extremely dangerous, due to the unpredictability of compounds contained as well as its potency.
Although it is manufactured as an injectable liquid, in illicit use ketamine is generally evaporated to form a powder.
Ketamine is odourless and tasteless, so it can be added to beverages without being detected, and it induces amnesia. It can be snorted, injected or swallowed. Because of these properties, the drug is sometimes given to unsuspecting victims and used in the commission of sexual assaults referred to as “drug rape.
What are its short-term effects?
Low-dose intoxication from ketamine results in impaired attention, learning ability, and memory.
Ketamine is a powerful drug that produces vivid and dream-like hallucinations. Used legitimately as a horse tranquilizer, it works by cutting off communication between the body and brain. With the body asleep, the mind becomes isolated, deprived of normal sensory perception. Users report sensations ranging from a pleasant feeling of floating to being separated from their bodies. Some ketamine experiences involve a terrifying feeling of almost complete sensory detachment that is likened to a near-death experience. These experiences, similar to a “bad trip” on LSD, are called the “K-hole.”
In high doses, ketamine can cause delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, high blood pressure, depression, and potentially fatal respiratory problems.