Inhalants

Inhalants

Also called Hippie crack, Satan’s secret, Whippets, Poppers, Oz or Moon gas

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What are inhalants?

Inhalants are chemicals – not drugs. They are toxic to your body and brain. Inhalants are rapidly absorbed by your lungs when you inhale, and quickly taken by the bloodstream directly to your brain. The user feels intoxicated within minutes, like when drinking alcohol. The effect last a short period of time. Users often take repeated sniffs, to continue the high feeling for prolonged periods.

Warning: Inhalants can kill you instantly the 1 st time you sniff by stopping your heart beat.

Fast facts:

  • More than 90% of parents do not know that their children are sniffing on products in their own homes.
  • Street children are not the only ones sniffing inhalants – it is becoming a dangerous practice among teens of all ages and across social classes.
  • A recent study in the US revealed shocking results. According to the study about 1.1 million 12 – 17 year olds admitted to using inhalants last year.
  • In the USA, about 600 000 teens start using inhalants every year.
  • A study revealed that teens did not believe sniffing inhalants were as dangerous as taking illegal drugs.
  • 22% of inhalant abusers who died of Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome had no history of previous inhalant abuse—they were first-time users.
  • In Nairobi, Kenya, an estimated 60,000 children live on the streets and almost all are addicted to some sort of inhalant.
  • Inhaling chemicals is also called ‘huffing”.

Why do people take drugs?

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  • To fit in
  • To escape or relax
  • To relieve boredom
  • To seem grown up
  • To rebel
  • To experiment

What are the different types of inhalants?

Inhalants can be classified into the following groups:

solvents

Volatile solvents

paint thinner, nail polish remover, degreaser, dry-cleaning fluid, gasoline, and contact cement correction fluid, felt-tip marker fluid, and electronic contact cleaner

Gases

Butane lighters, propane tanks, whipped cream dispensers, and refrigerant gases
Anesthesia, including ether, chloroform, halothane, and nitrous oxide

Aerosols

Spray paint, hair spray, deodorant spray, vegetable oil sprays, and fabric protector spray

Nitrates

Organic nitrites include amyl, butyl, and cyclohexyl nitrites and other related compounds, often sold as “video head cleaner,” “room odorizer,” “leather cleaner,” or “liquid aroma” when marketed for illicit use.

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What are the side effects of inhalants?

The worst most deadly side-effect :

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Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome:
A person can die the first time, or any time, they try an Inhalant. This is known as Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome. While it can occur with many types of Inhalants, it is particularly associated with the abuse of air conditioning coolant, butane, propane, electronics and the chemicals in some aerosol products. Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome is usually associated with cardiac arrest. The Inhalant causes the heart to beat rapidly and erratically, resulting in cardiac arrest.

 

Other side-effects are:

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Huffing injuries

  • shortness of breath
  • bad headaches
  • runny nose
  • nausea
  • dizziness
  • slurred speech
  • double vision
  • hallucinations
  • lack of concentration
  • lung &  kidney disease
  • permanent brain damage

Poppers” and “whippets,” sold at concerts and dance clubs, are composed of poisonous chemicals that can permanently damage the body and brain.

Get help

Know the signs

Because they are often common household products, it isn’t easy to pick up if someone is abusing inhalants.

Here are some signs to look out for:

  • Depression
  • Drunk or dazed behaviour
  • Red or runny nose
  • Watery, red eyes
  • Chemical breath odour
  • Nosebleeds
  • Nausea or loss of appetite
  • Irritability, anxiety or restlessness
  • Hiding objects such as hair spray or pieces of cloth

How can you help?

  • Speak about the dangers of inhalant abuse to your child
  • Be aware of products that can be abused
  • Keep an eye on all potentially dangerous products in your home
  • If you suspect someone is abusing inhalants, encourage the person to seek professional help

Overdose

emerIf the substance is inhaled many times or a particularly strong inhalant is used, it could cause an overdose. If a person has the following symptoms, they need immediate emergency care:
• Nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea
• Irregular heartbeat
• Chest pain
• Hallucinations
• Blackout, seizures and coma

MOBIEG Helpline

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If you need help or more information, please talk to a counsellor on the MOBIEG Helpline: LIVE CHAT.

The service is free and you may stay anonymous. We are online Sunday: 18h00 – 20h00 Mondays – Thursday from 19h00-21h00.

 

Quiz

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You can also do a self-test quiz on addiction to learn more about addiction – Substance abuse quiz.

 

 

Counselling

You can book counselling sessions for Substance Addiction with the following therapists:

 

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