Apprenticeships

Apprenticeships

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Definition

An apprentice is a person who is learning a trade from a skilled employer, having agreed to work for a fixed period at low wages.
Apprenticeships
The Department of Labour brought in new laws to develop the skills of the citizens of our country.. Certain trades such as welders, plumbers, fitters, plasterers, mechanics and instrument technician, were identified as scarce skills by the Department. The apprenticeship learning programme was seen as one way of assisting Government to train the unemployed and employed to obtain a qualification in order to work as an artisan.

 

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What is an apprenticeship?
The apprenticeship was born hundreds of years ago (the Middle Ages) in other countries, when young people worked under a master craftsman to learn trades. This was a form of inexpensive work in exchange for learning and the young men often lived in the craftsmen’s houses. Women were taught in embroidery and silk-weaving. Today, arrangements around apprenticeships are much more formal. In South Africa the Manpower Training Act, 1981 protects the apprentice and employer alike. Modern apprenticeships are a combination of on-the-job-training and related classroom instruction, in which apprentices learn the practical and theoretical aspects of the designated trade. Apprentices need to do a trade test at the end of their training after which they will be certified, if successful and be recognised as artisans within the relevant industries

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How do apprenticeships and learnerships differ?
Both learnerships and apprenticeships consider work experience (on-the-job) as to be a very important part of the training. Apprenticeships are limited to technical trades, while learnerships can be for any career, for example tour leader. An apprenticeship is based on the Competency Based Modular Training (CBMT) system, meaning that an apprentice must pass the relevant modular and phase tests, as well as a final trade test to be recognised as an artisan. Apprentices need to work for the employer for a minimum/maximum period as prescribed in the relevant conditions of apprenticeship. Learnerships are outcomes-based, thus if learners can demonstrate their competencies during assessment, they receive the qualification or credits. Apprentices receive CBMT for a period of three to five years, depending on the prescribed duration of the designated trade. Apprentices need to complete each module of training and pass the relevant module test before they can continue to the next module or phase of the training. After a number of unsuccessful attempts to pass the said tests, the apprentices will be informed that the apprenticeship contract will be cancelled/terminated in terms of the relevant conditions of apprenticeship. As already indicated, apprenticeship training is structured and the qualification is nationally recognised.

Apprentices entering apprenticeships should at least be 15 years of age. Each sector, such as the transport or manufacturing and engineering sector, has different approved conditions of apprenticeship regarding entry requirements etc. and you will be best advised to get information on the apprenticeship requirements from the relevant Sector Education and Training Authorities (SETAs). Enquire at your nearest Labour Centre about these. The difference will be in terms of educational requirements, duration of the training and the modular tests.

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How can you apply?
One of the conditions for an apprenticeship is that unemployed people must be employed by the employer for the duration of the apprenticeship. Unemployed people can thus only enter an apprenticeship if there is an employer who is willing to take unemployed people into an apprenticeship programme. Unemployed people can apply for an apprenticeship if there is an employer calling for applications of unemployed people. Employers advertise in newspapers, or place adverts in the community, city, town or community. If you are an unemployed person, you can register with the Department as a work-seeker. Your details will be captured on the computerised job-matching system of the Department, the Employment Services System of South Africa (ESSA). Keep your contact details up to date and the Labour Centre will contact you as soon as positions become available. If you meet the criteria, you could be called for a briefing session and possibly an aptitude test to ensure you will be really happy in your apprenticeship. Consider about which area you want to do the apprenticeship in. The careers counsellors can assist you with this decision. You can also ask a careers counsellor of the Department to assist you with careers advice to choose an appropriate apprenticeship that will suit you best. The careers counsellor will also be able to provide you with careers information on different apprenticeships.

Who are involved in an apprenticeship?
The apprentice will enter into a contract of apprenticeship and must adhere to the relevant conditions of apprenticeship and the applicable sections within the Manpower Training Act. The employer will decide if he will enter into a contract of apprenticeship and must also adhere to the relevant conditions of apprenticeship and the applicable sections in the Manpower Training Act. The employer and the SETA are responsible for specific costs pertaining to the training of apprentices in terms of the relevant conditions of apprenticeship and the SETA’s funding policies. The training provider provides the theoretical classroom training. INDLELA and Accredited Trade Test Centres do the trade tests. The Sector Education and Training Authority provides funding for the apprenticeship in terms of approved criteria and also ensures the quality of the training. The Department could assist with recruiting, assessing and selecting of prospective apprentices.
Can you do a trade test based on work experience?
Yes, provided you qualify in terms of section 13 or 28 of the Manpower Training Act, 1981, as well as the relevant conditions of apprenticeship.

What are the apprentices’ rights?
Apprenticeships are managed in terms of the Manpower Training Act, 1981 and the relevant conditions of apprenticeship, which among others includes wages, training and conditions of employment.

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Contact details

Eastern Cape
East London Tel: (043) 701 3000
Free State
Bloemfontein Tel: (051) 505 6200
Gauteng North
Pretoria Tel: (012) 309 5000
Gauteng South
Johannesburg Tel: (011) 853 0300
KwaZulu-Natal
Durban Tel: (031) 366 2000
Limpopo
Polokwane Tel: (015) 290 1744
Mpumalanga
Witbank Tel: (013) 655 8700
North West
Mmabatho Tel: (018) 387 8100
Northern Cape
Kimberley Tel: (053) 838 1500
Western Cape
Cape Town Tel: (021) 441 8000
Eastern Cape
Aliwal North Tel: (051) 633 2633
Butterworth Tel: (047) 491 0656
Cradock Tel: (048) 881 3010
East London Tel: (043) 702 7500
Fort Beaufort Tel: (046) 645 4686
Graaf-Reinet Tel: (049) 892 2142
Grahamstown Tel: (046) 622 2104
King William’s Town Tel: (043) 643 4756
Lusikisiki Tel: (039) 253 1996
Maclear Tel: (045) 932 1424
Mdantsane Tel: (043) 761 3151
Mount Ayliff Tel: (039) 254 0282
Mthatha Tel: (047) 501 5600
Port Elizabeth Tel: (041) 582 4472
Queenstown Tel: (045) 807 5400
Uitenhage Tel: (041) 992 4627

Free State
Bethlehem Tel: (058) 303 5293
Bloemfontein Tel: (051) 505 6201
Botshabelo Tel: (051) 534 3789
Ficksburg Tel: (051) 933 2299
Harrismith Tel: (058) 623 2977
Kroonstad Tel: (056) 215 1812
Petrusburg Tel: (053) 574 0932
Phuthaditjhaba Tel: (058) 713 0373
Sasolburg Tel: (016) 970 3200
Welkom Tel: (057) 391 0200
Zastron Tel: (051) 673 1471

Gauteng North
Atteridgeville Tel: (012) 373 4435
Bronkhorstspruit Tel: (013) 932 0197
Garankuwa Tel: (012) 702 4525
Krugersdorp Tel: (011) 955 4420
Mamelodi Tel: (012) 812 9500
Pretoria Tel: (012) 309 5050
Randfontein Tel: (011) 693 3618
Soshanguve Tel: (012) 799 7400
Temba Tel: (071) 871 6509

Gauteng South
Alberton Tel: (011) 861 6130
Benoni Tel: (011) 747 9601
Boksburg Tel: (011) 898 3340
Brakpan Tel: (011) 744 9000
Carletonville Tel: (018) 788 3281
Germiston Tel: (011) 345 6300
Johannesburg Tel: (011) 223 1000
Kempton Park Tel: (011) 975 9301
Nigel Tel: (011) 814 7095
Randburg Tel: (011) 781 8144
Roodepoort Tel: (011) 766 2000
Sandton Tel: (011) 444 7631
Sebokeng Tel: (016) 592 3825
Soweto Tel: (011) 939 1200
Springs Tel: (011) 365 3700
Vanderbijlpark Tel: (016) 981 0280
Vereeniging Tel: (016) 430 0000

KwaZulu-Natal
Dundee Tel: (034) 212 3147
Durban Tel: (031) 336 1500
Estcourt Tel: (036) 352 2161
Kokstad Tel: (039) 727 2140
Ladysmith Tel: (036) 638 1900
Newcastle Tel: (034) 312 6038
Pietermaritzburg Tel: (033) 341 5300
Pinetown Tel: (031) 701 7740
Port Shepstone Tel: (039) 682 2406
Prospecton Tel: (031) 913 9700
Richards Bay Tel: (035) 780 8700
Richmond Tel: (033) 212 2768
Stanger Tel: (032) 551 4291
Ulundi Tel: (035) 879 1439
Verulam Tel: (032) 541 5600
Vryheid Tel: (034) 980 8992

Limpopo
Giyani Tel: (015) 812 9041
Jane Furse Tel: (013) 265 7210
Lebowakgomo Tel: (015) 633 9360
Lephalale Tel: (014) 763 2162
Makhado Tel: (015) 516 0207
Modimolle Tel: (014) 717 1046
Mokopani Tel: (015) 491 5973
Phalaborwa Tel: (015) 781 5114
Polokwane Tel: (015) 299 5000
Seshego Tel: (015) 223 7020
Thohoyandou Tel: (015) 960 1300
Tzaneen Tel: (015) 306 2600

Mpumalanga
Baberton Tel: (013) 712 3066
Bethal Tel: (017) 647 5212
Carolina Tel: (017) 843 1077
Eerstehoek Tel: (017) 883 2414
eMalahleni Tel: (013) 653 3800
/ WitbankErmelo Tel: (017) 819 7632
Groblersdal Tel: (013) 262 3150
Kwamhlanga Tel: (013) 947 3173
KaMhlushwa Tel: (013) 785 0010
Lydenburg Tel: (013) 235 2368
Middelburg Tel: (013) 283 3600
Nelspruit Tel: (013) 753 2844
Piet Retief Tel: (017) 826 1883
Sabie Tel: (013) 764 2105
Secunda Tel: (017) 631 2594
Standerton Tel: (017) 712 1351
Volksrust Tel: (017) 735 2994

Northern Cape
Calvinia Tel: (027) 341 1280
De Aar Tel: (053) 631 0952
Kimberley Tel: (053) 838 1500
Kuruman Tel: (053) 712 3952
Postmasburg Tel: (053) 313 0641
Springbok Tel: (027) 718 1058
Upington Tel: (054) 331 1752

North West
Brits Tel: (012) 252 3068
Christiana Tel: (053) 441 2120
Klerksdorp Tel: (018) 464 8700
Lichtenburg Tel: (018) 632 4323
Mafikeng Tel: (018) 381 1010
Mogwase Tel: (014) 555 5693
Potchefstroom Tel: (018) 297 5100
Rustenburg Tel: (014) 592 8214
Taung Tel: (053) 994 1710
Vryburg Tel: (053) 927 5221

Western Cape
Beaufort West Tel: (023) 414 3427
Bellville Tel: (021) 941 7000
Cape Town Tel: (021) 468 5500
George Tel: (044) 801 1201
Knysna Tel: (044) 382 3150
Mitchell’s Plain Tel: (021) 391 0591
Mossel Bay Tel: (044) 691 1140
Oudtshoorn Tel: (044) 272 4370
Paarl Tel: (021) 872 2020
Somerset West Tel: (021) 852 2535
Vredenburg Tel: (022) 715 1627
Worcester Tel: (023) 347 0152